The door's styles linkage.

Manco Capac Temple Cuzco Peru

Manco Capac’ Temple at Cusco Peru is one of the earliests Inca buildings exponent of that Time period.

Inca (Emperor’ title in Quechua), Manco Capac, was the founder of the Tawantinsuyo (The Four Regions in Quechua) or Inca Empire, the greatest ever kingdom development in the South American, Western Pacific side. This Ruler was at the head of a religious leaders group, who originally fled from a previous Temples’ center area that had much influence in almost all the territories now occupied by Peru and Bolivia. As well, a marvelous civilization that mastered the Stone blocks techniques, known as Tiawanako, who did build a great Temple complex, located in the vicinity of Lake Titicaca, now Bolivia.

Apparently the Thiawanaco’s dispersion was due because they were attacked by a Chibcha (Muisca Civilization 600-1600) armed force that expanded from Colombia to Bolivia with a non-anticipated sudden speed. However, because Chibchas were a group of a confederation of tribes that grew too fast, they lacked an adequate military replenishments line to match their invasion achievements. Thus, as the Chibcha Warriors did not get the sufficient and proper supplies, were a force to settle in the places that they have seized, and all that they had accomplished, once again was divided into small domains without a central direction.

Something similar to what happened to Manco Capac and his associates while in flight from the Chibchas, when they reached Cuzco valley and found that it was a safe and appropriate place for their needs.
The Incas did just the same as the Chibchas, settling thereby appropriating the land. Because land in that area in South America at that time, due to its lack or sparse population it was plentiful, and since the Law was made with the force of your army.
So they began to build their temples there, as it was the main source of their power and beneficiary, as it seemed to be inEgypt.

Even so that Cusco Peru was built during the late present 15th century and the Koricancha Temple (The Sun’s Place or House) was likely redone at Half-century by Inca Pachacutec, one of the most famous Inca rulers, the who entirely reformed the Inca civilization in all its aspects. Transforming it from a communal organization, which at a certain point, that Cusco was entirely surrounded by an enemy army and was ready to surrender, as they were going to be conquered by the Chankas, a northern tribe located farther North in Ayacucho.

That was the breaking point that made Pachacutec, one of the ruling Inka's son and his intellectual backing group, to revolt and not accepting the defeat. Pachacutec overtaking the power from his father and fought back and turned all outs into a decisive victory.

Sacsahuaman Cuzco Peru

Sacsahuaman Fortress in Cusco Peru, imposing stone building built during the highest influence period of Inca Civilization period.

From there on, he began a completely new Incas historical period chapter, using innovative ideas, elaborate technologies, and an outstanding effort from the entire population, wich made that small mountain valley to be transformed into a magnificent kingdom at a surprisingly great pace since this Ruler lived only up to thirty-three years of age.

Moreover, eventually, do his reforms of far advanced architecture, agriculture, irrigation, roads, and numerous techniques, in about a century lapse permitted the Incas to became an Empire. As a tremendous change went on in many aspects, as it can be appreciated in the architectonic standard from Manco Capac’ Temple to Sacsahuaman Fortress in the same city but with a time and population difference.

The Inca Empire covered in Wester South Americ more than two thousand miles long territory, reaching to the North, the actual Peruvian and Ecuadorian Cost and Andean regions. Although that they were not able to advance much in the East because of the Amazonian jungle barrier. However to the South, they expanded to most of the Bolivia’ Tiahuanaco grounds, by recuperating the entire area around Lake Titicaca and the Northern sectors of today’ Argentinian and Chile territories as well.

Korocancha Temple Cuzco Peru

Door with wide frame debossed on the wall at Koricancha Temple Cusco Peru.

Meanwhile back to our doors forms and styles, since history is not the main theme of this topic, but a necessary reference, to have at hand just whenever a reference is needed.

As well is good to keep in mind that Koricancha also Quricancha or Coricancha meaning Enclosed Field, was the principal Sun’ worshiping Inca Temple at Cuzco. However, because this temple also was known by Inticancha (Sun’s field) or Intiwasi (Where the Sun passes or Sun’s House) means that they also had a similar or same concept than in Egypt concerning their solar deity. Where a temple also was represented by rectangular place somewhere in the Sky following the trajectory of the Sun or what can be interpreted as a sector in the Zodiac circle.

On the other hand, the characteristics of this particular Koricancha entrance, which is one out of so many other doors there that also present numerous styles in use during the Inca golden time period Temple. Hence, differing from the other as it has a decorative debossed frame around its meaningful utility.
For such it must hold significant symbolic interpretation for the reason, it found in a temple, and as it was not made same as the others, then must hold its own significance as well.
Because all thing found in a temple at that time, were not down for simple beauty decoration purposes but with a meaningful ritualistic idea behind. But is not a theme to follow, because it not included in the topic we want to develop, but…..

Giza Mastaba door Egyptu

Egyptian Mastaba at Giza with the same frame embossed door style.

At the Giza Great Pyramid’s complex in Egypt, about three thousand years earlier and thousands of miles away. However, as there can also be found one in many Mastaba with the same debossed frame style door among other scores of styles. Even considering that the lintel is missing in this particular Mastaba, nonetheless, as it is found in an equal temple like the sacred grounds, it must also be standing for a certain specific symbolic feature, like the previous door seen in Cuzco.

Even so that their meaning by now are probably totally ignored or had been altered or changed, as time and people’s needs terraform beliefs and concepts. However, its looks are the same, and that is a sustainable element in matters of style, which is the evidence needed to establish a link.

Pisac Cuzco Peru

Trapezoidal door and niche at Pisac Temple, in Cuzco Peru.

Indeed, the most distinctive divergence between Egyptian and Peruvian doors and niches is the unique trapezoidal Inca’s doors shape configuration. Although, the general trapezoid form of the buildings is the much alike or identical.

A door now it is just a utilitarian item, but at that time had substantial implication meaning as it the way to go through from one ambiance to another. Hence, as doors like those seen in ancient temples were not as common today, they were likely taken with much reverence since they also represented the pathway from the percent living state to somewhere in the afterlife. In consequence, they also had some meaningful light relevance association like temple did.

Pisac Cuzco Peru

Pisac' steep angle trapezoidal door.

Pisac nobles’ graveyard worshiping place, Mastaba like building with three steps entrance, and steep angle double framed trapezoidal door denoting the noble’s closeness to the Sun God. As the angle was steeper also showed how high the social position of those who used that chapel stood.
Hence, revealing that Incas also had a relation to the Sun’ Ray concept similar to the pharaoh’s obelisk relation was viewed in Egypt.

 Temle doors Pisac Cuzco Peru

Pisac’ Mastaba like temple double door Chapel entrance in Cuzco Peru.

Karnak is the biggest ever built temple conglomerate in the World, there can be seen a temple with double entrance, as the well Kom Ombo Temple close to Aswan famous for such factor.

The amplitude and temples size also is a sign of power and wealth, as it was at the time when Karnak was being built, was a historical period in where the Egyptian territory expanded to almost the entire Middle East region. This thing does not occur by magic and the most pondering factor in this matter relay in population. Matter of fact, even today Egypt by itself it is the most populous nation in the region.

Luxor temple Egypt

Luxor' double door Temple entrance in Egypt.

Karnak is the biggest ever built temple conglomerate in the World, and it is also a sign of power, as there was a time that the Egyptian territory did cover almost the entire Middle East region. This thing does not occur by magic, the most pondering factor in this matter relay in population. Indeed, even today Egypt by itself it is the most populous nation in the region. There can be seen a temple with double entrance, as the well Kom Ombo Temple close to Aswan famous for such factor.

The population factor also can be seen in the Incas construction periods, at the time of Manco Capac when Incas were a tribe or clan association, in spite that they had the total stone blocks building knowledge from the Tiahuanaco civilization. As they were a few when they first settled in Cuzco valley, is the reason why that temple did not have neither the size nor the sumptuosity that Koricancha had, when Incas became the most powerful and populated empire in South America.

The reason why Egypt did had gorgeous temples rather than small Mastaba like building for worshiping as was used in Peru at the Incas’ time period.

Coricancha Cusco Peru

Triple door chapel in the interior of Coricancha Temple, Cusco Peru.

Koricancha Temple in Cusco also had a complex set up on numerous chapels, which are one room with the trapezoidal wall, whose interior is decorated with many windows like niches.

These chapels are similar to others found at different temples in Ancient Peru during the Inca Period, only differing in size, the polishing of their walls, and some even made either with rounded or straight angles corners same in Egypt. Furthermore, all were buildings done for the same idea, burial related worshiping purposes.

Therefore, they keep a tremendous resemblance to the same basic structure and purposes for what the Egyptian Mastabas were made.

Seti II chapel Karnak Egypt

Pharaoh Seti II’ mastaba like a chapel with a triple door at Karnak Egypt.

Pharaoh’s Seti II did build a chapel at the left side of Karnack temple in Egypt, whose structure is much like an Egyptian Mastaba. A rectangular room with trapezoidal walls, representing some place somewhere in the Sky, a house for the eternity.

Although that this chapel has three doors rather than one like most mastabas had, thus a detail that apparently was added with the idea to represent the Sun’s path with Solstices and Equinoxes, which also gives to it a relation with ancient Peru sun’s aligned physical or symbolic architecture. Since the name of the Inca Empire was Tawantinsuyo, the four regions, referring to the four cardinal points directions.

Huanuco Viejo Ancash Peru

Huanuco Viejo, typical Incas’ double framed door.

As the conquering bonanza went on after Inca Pachacutec and the Empire grew not only acquiring more land but the population as well their influence and building styles also disseminated in the entire new territory as they were being added, exalting their power presence and ensure the domain’ continuity.

Hence, since Huanuco Viejo was chosen to be the capital city of the North region, and the Temple built with Stone blocks technology and Inca styles. However, even so that some additional decorative items were added like monkeys, a symbolic figure for such area, however, applying some changes in their designs to amalgamate the different concepts or ideologies of the conquered peoples to theirs.

Nonetheless, the functionality of the Sun aligned Arches is indicating that the interior double-framed door’ style that so much identifies the Inca architecture, at Huanuco Viejo is revealing that it had a Sun’s pathway relevance in this world and most probably to the Sun’ Realm in their imaginary afterlife kingdom.

 Giza door Egypt

Giza's Mastaba transitional door from embossed to double Jamb entrance.

In Giza Egypt can be seen how is that occurs the transition from the embossed to double Jamb entrance transformation, found in the Inca style indicative, A structure which is achieved by simply adding an additional lintel detail.

However, is good to notice that the wall is divided into sectors like Incas walls in Incas Wiracocha Temple at certain distance fromCuzco also do represent Sky divisions by making the walls with superimposed bands by using different materials.

 Kranak door Egypt

Karnak’ Temple double frame door.

This door was made for a temple in Karnak in the city of Thebes, today is known as Luxor, was Egypt’s Capital city during the New Empire period. Thus, bout three thousand years before Cuzco, long before the Incas, presents, the double frame door Incas’ identifying characteristic.

However, without the elaborate trapezoidal style that characterizes those doors, which indicates an original cultural link that as it passed through time and places, the enhancement was added to satisfy concepts.

 

Niche's concepts Linkage.

Temle Pisac Cuzco Peru

Pisac

During the Incas time, especially in the Cusco area, Niches were abundant because Cusco was a revered city and reserved only for rituals and worshiping. It was not a common city, not even the Inca lived there permanently, it was run by the clergy, to be able to visit the city was necessary a required special authorization. Certainly, it was a place held in reserve just for special ceremonies or memorable events, permission to see or stay, was only granted to people of high social rank, those belonging to the Military cast, Nobility or being a Ruler’s relative.

However, the Inca, while he was alive, was out of Cuzco most of the Year, but after his death, he will be transported there after a great ceremonial travel event. Hence, the Inca could build a palace or in a neighboring location and live there temporarily, so that eventually this palace will become his Mortuary Temple.
So that, in his name that place as his Clan’s House will continue exercising power and influence, long after his death by a priestly group that was assigned for its maintenance and in charge of all the believed worldly needs.

His mummified body was also thought to rest there forever and ever as another revered living human being. Something similar not exactly to what occurred in Egypt during the reign of Ramses III, whose Mortuary Temple in Medinet Habu West Valley, Ancient Thebes, the capital city of the time, also was used as his living quarters walled like a castle.

 Temle doors Pisac Cuzco Peru

Window' like Niche in temple’s wall made of Red stones.

As this Niche’ lintel has two individualistic protuberances is possible to comprehend that it had a ritualistic particularly, which distinguishes it from others. On account that Pisac was an Upper-class funerary complex, for such deeds as a sacred burial field had a great number of temples and ceremonial buildings.

Since Ancient Peru did not have the population amount than Egypt, one room size was sufficient, which is the reason why these small temples look much like if they were an Egyptian communal Mastabas.

However, it shows that the Red Stone also was used much like in Egypt, with a preference for the highest social ranks, most probably as it represented certain life standing somewhere in the afterlife. Nonetheless, as there are many variations in designs and styles, indicates that most probably each temple or adoratory had to deal with different traditions and/or dedicated occupations that the dignitaries professed in life.

 Temle doors Pisac Cuzco Peru

Pisac's terrain configuration in the way to Cusco known as Mama-pacha (Mother-earth).

By the side of the mountain where Pisac is located, the land close to the river is irrigated in a terrain shaped the two protuberances in the Niche’ lintel,
Hence most probably did resembling the breast of a woman, the mother, Goddess. Because, the ground or Mother-earth, in the presence of water, permit the seed to germinate and become a plant again was associated with fertilization. As well, a Silkworm as it transforms into a Butterfly going from the Earth to Air element or the Snake that changes its skin and other animals that go in the state of hibernation, hence, were facts that did mean or represented some kind of life regeneration.
A reason that motivated them to be aware and sure that there was life in the afterward. Thus, happening in nature indicating the possibility that life did not end but continued passing from one element's state to other recycling in an apparent new world beyond death.

Therefore, because all these occurrences could be seen in the element Earth, it was thought to have the means of life’s birth and renewal, across all the other elements, thus, Mother-earth was the element chosen in preference to signify such wishful physical appearance in the afterlife.
For such, is possible to say that because of that protuberances were made in the lintel of such widow, representing the level that they wished to reach, this adoratory stands as a gateway to a similar or related fertilization or/and generative significance world.

However, since it was done in Red, and the social rank of the area where it is found not necessarily represented the Earth Element but something at a much higher level, which was thought to be closer to the Sun’s sky level. Hence, the Fire element, the heat that determines if a person’s body is alive or death.

 Temle doors Ollamtaitambo Cuzco Peru

Ollantaytambo' Fortress high-level garrison quarters.

Apparently, this was the second level stage in command at the Ollantaytambo Fortress, because the stone are dark in color most likely representing the sky level as well. Furthermore, the stone protuberances sometimes appear at some niches and doors in pairs, singles, and none at all presenting multiple implications in their concepts or beliefs.

 Giza MenKaure Pyramid

Giza Egypt, Pharaoh’s Menkaure casing Pyramid stones showing similar stone protuberances.

Since this protuberance stylishness are also common and abundant in the casing stones at the base of the Pyramid of Pharaoh Menkaure (Micerino, its Greek name) the third and smaller pyramid at Giza and not common in other places.

It is strange, but a fact that the Incas’ stone styles even so that there is an enormous time barrier in between, accentuates their resemblance to similar in Egypt, especially during this pharaoh’ time period. Indeed, even with the same distinctive protuberances and the same way to present them.

Obviously, without any apparent explication and no concernment documentation or tradition what so ever in neither place.

Ollantaitambo Cuzco Peru

Red stones also used at the peak of the mountain where Ollantaytambo Fortress was built.

In the top of Ollantaytambo’s Fortress Mountain, was built or was going to be built, apparently a temple’ like main directional central office. Without any doubt, the most distinguished command stage level. Thus, to distinguish that place of such tremendous hierarchy, Red stones were selected, obviously, to give it the most elevated and appreciated level in the sky. The sun’s House and all related paraphernalia for its worshipping, which was considered at the time the outermost dwelling place of their Sun God.

Money had no meaning, Incas did not even have any currency, their food was in the garden, people made their own cloth and in communal work, likewise transportation was done with the help of Llamas, so business was done interchanging presents or trading.
Hence, family links and honors were the most important thing that motivated people in such situation.

Therefore, to reach a place or simply be honored there, probably it was a happening once in the life, and the dearest moment ever of an individual, something to long for an entire life.

Ollantaitambo Cuzco Peru

The double door indicates the entry to a higher level or status temple-like enclosure.

In fact, the double door or window of the above picture, since it was likely made to represent an entry-fact niche, was made in Dark-stone but built over a lintel like Red-stone step base. Thus, showing that it is an entry lead or ritualistic path, from the niches’ alley below. A step higher take and reach the greatest temple-like’ hall, the place of major distinction in the fortress, which is totally built on this material.

This fortified enclosure was running as a temple because ritualistic activities gave to emplacement and to its high-rank officials, a higher profile and extraordinary impression of power and strength. An asset, which at that time had far more value than money.

Ollantaitambo Cuzco Peru

Ollamtaitambo's additional stone pertuberanes implications.

Although that there is a widespread romantic tradition story, created by a Spanish priest about this place in Peru, concerning the uprising of a rebel Army General that fell in love with one of the Inca’s daughters.
Nonetheless, according to the 16th-century chroniclers’ accounts, Ollantaytambo was an unfinished fortress.

However, beyond the historical or traditional documentation, is the fact showing that this protuberance in the made in the stones, as they have different, dimensions and number, but located in the same kind of Red stone on the same stone’s specific place, and done with a sharp angular characteristic.

Therefore, they must have Sun’ path symbolic significance related its daily and/or yearly presence, likely representing a the Su’s pathway in the celestial ambiance.

Ollantaytambo Entrnace Cuzco Peru

Ollantaytambo Fortress' entryway, Cusco Peru.

The ground doors and niches at the entrance of Ollantaytambo Fortress, although that they are made of different construction materials to indicate that it is the base level of the three fortresses command levels. However, they also have the distinctive ornamented double frame, likely indicating that is the main entrance to that fortified site.

Tampumachay Cuzco Peru

Tambomachay, ceremonial temple, Cusco Peru.

Tambomachay Temple is located on the outskirts of Cusco, because, was built in a pyramid set up and the stones of its total structure are done with well–polished dark Stone-slocks, but cut into large uneven forms, and the niches were made flat without much decoration.

Nonetheless, since this temple is as well divided into three stages or levels, and two have water fountains rather than pools, shows that it was a high standard ritualistic place although not one of the Highest.

However by all means, it gives a clear idea about its social level as it also had three divisions where the niche’ play much importance in the performance of certain Inca’ symbolic rituals for particular activities, to worship deities or honoring people.

Pachacamac Temle Lima Peru

Pachacamac Temple, Lima Peru.

Pachacamac was the largest temple of the Incas did build in the Central Coastal region of current Peru. It was a complementary tribute in the most frequented religious center in that area at that time. Pachacamac did not belong to any kingdom, but all or most civilizations in the related its circle of influence, contributed to this great influential center, not exactly but very similar to what occurred at Heliopolis or Luxor in Egypt, where many kings did contribute to its edification throughout dynasties for long periods of time.

For that reason, Incas did their best to impress other smaller ruler of adjacent localities, build extensively and the best they could at the highest rank level. Temples at that time were not made for an average or class of people but only for the highest ruling clans. Hence, whatever ritual that was going to be represented in that temple was done with the most refined pompous authenticity possible.

Therefore, the full size, niches were made as double framed doors, indicating a passage to the utmost. Furthermore, as this niche were functional ritualistic, clearly are also showing its three standing levels, by making one slightly above ground, another below ground and the third and higher, reachable by steps. Indeed, taking the stairs, there is a pool and a niches setup Temple’s ambiance.

Viracochaa Temple' Deity Cuzco  Peru

Viracocha Temple's Chapel with a wall made of three building elements.

In this Inca temple consacrated to Wiracochas at a close distance to Cuzco, like saying “in other words,” the three Afterlife Worlds in the Sky concept is being presented with a completely different artistic expression means. As there is a chapel whose walls were made out of three different construction materials.
Showing that the walls in a worshiping place were made with the idea of representing the sky.
As well, that they had the same Triple Sky concept as in Egypt, because this chapel walls are plain without terrace, neither have steps, like its seen in other contemporary temples of the same civilization. However, by the fact that it has three different textures overlaping in one particular and same supeficie,

Therefore, it is obviously that using this bands, they are representing the triple levels Idea, wich undoubtly leads us to the same conclusion. Hence, showing that also believed that in the afterwards, in an imaginary the afterlife Sky’ dwelling place, they expected to find three heavenly stages as show in other Inca temples by color and texture of the stones that were used in its construction.

Something similar to Pharaoh’s Khufu (Cheops) pyramid set up, of course on an infinitely smaller scale since Paramonga was not an Inca emperor entombing place, a privilege reserved only for Cusco.

The great Pyramid

Great Pyramid's interior plan. Likely done representing tree imaginary Sun Circles, Sky stages in the afterlife.

As it can be seen, once inside of the pyramid, there are three stage chambers where to go, one below, one slightly higher than the entrance and the third on top, which likely they are representing different dwelling places in the afterlife, somewhere in the Sky.

A fact that evidence that the afterlife concepts about the Sky were the same or almost exactly the same in both Ancient kingdoms Egypt and Peru no matter what difference there is in Time and Distance.

 

Deeper into Niches.

Amaru Muro Niche Puno  Peru

Amaru Muro place.

Amaru Muro is a mountain area where is a Niche about 7 X 7 meters with a secondary human size T shaped, also false door entry, both carved in a Red-rock mountain. By such circumstance, sacred, and likely a place of the highest rank. Located in the vicinity of Lake Titicaca, Puno Peru, not too distance from where is the Tiahuanaco Temple in Bolivia. Hence, it has a Tiahuanaco, Inca civilization influence, which are similar and the same.

In English, Amaru Muro can be translated, Amaru Wall, because Muro in Spanish means Wall. But, since Amaru is a native word that in Quechua and Aymara languages still spoken in that area, means Serpent. Thus, it can be completely translated as the Serpent’ Wall. A name that this place gets, because of the waive mountains’ form found there, as they are undulated like the snake’s displacement, although, it is not a too easy to plainly appreciate now, as the place apparently has suffered much time deteriorations or the hand of the colonial idolatry persecutors.

However, the word Amaru is related to the Inca’s Mythology that was thought to be a powerful heavenly spiritual double-headed creature, with Bird, Lion, and snake features that live in a mythological world in the Sky below. For such, were believes so strong and important that many Incas did choose Amaru as their Rulers name as a component of the Sky.

Mocica Nose Ring

Mochica Ruler’ Nose Ring, Peru, depicted from the original at Metropolitan Museum New York.

This nose ring that at some period, more than a millennium year away was part of the dressing costume of an important Mochica civilization’ personage.
A symbol, which did distinguish him, from the other by wearing this significative jewel, by showing, his Amaru or alike cosmogenic origin and the power that he was thought to have by sucht mean that covered all over this World, the Sky, and the next world in the Lifeafter.

The Mochica or Moche civilization, flourished between 100 to 800 of the present era in the Northern-Coast Region of present Peru, having its capital city where now is the pyramid “Huaca del Sol” ceremonial center, near ancient Chan-Chan, the Chimu capital city, where today stands Trujillo in La Libertad province. Mochica civilization apparently shared or got inspiration from Tiahuanaco in the mountain region, which later were the Incas’ cultural drive origin, after the Tiahuanaco civilization faded away by consequence of a Chibcha invasion from Colombia.

By being wearing this wealthy elaborated ornament in life by a notable person, at a high point of its civilization cultural flourishing period, who later took it into his funerary paraphernalia, means that it also contains the most accurate symbolic significance related to the conceptual ideas of the Time.

Of course, wealth is a sign of power, to impress others; like, as said in Don Quixote the book done by Miguel de Cervantes, people listen more to Mr. Reach than to Mr. Wise. However, for him, it was probably thought as an indispensable Key to open the door to go into a certain place of his wishful afterlife realm, to be honored by gods and goddesses for his deed in life by the protection of that particular deity.

However, because ancient Peruvian civilizations did not have textual writing, it is most probable that this symbolic objects since it is a symbol, it is also a document that explains and reminds more than words or writings. Which in this case that jewel likely played the same or similar role than the Egyptian, Book of the Dead, thus, a needed guide to the afterlife.

Therefore, taking a close look at the Nose Ring, which at first impression, is a semi round linked arc-shaped chain, with two lions’ heads at each end, which can easily take as a banal ornament. Oh, surprise when it comes to details. Since the chain has 12 internal-wholes and shapes downwards giving the sense of below, then, being astronomy a science of much importance at that time.

From that point of view, knowing that the Moon travels during the year through the Ecliptic or Sun’s path in that wavy sense. For such details, as there is three coincidental factor, it can be said that the Chain most probably was made representing the night.
Thus, the sequins that hang in there should be representing stars. Indeed, a hieroglyph with that shape in Egypt means Star confirms that idea. However, was necessary to have Egyptian information to clarify it.

Mocica nose ring

Mochica detailed cropped Nose Ring.

Zooming in, makes the lion look closer to a dragon, perhaps showing the path that took this concept before arriving at this area. However, depending how you look at this figure, the front and rear give a sensation of either Lion or Bird. In this case, a double lion or double bird, the Horus of two horizons or the lion headed double headed Aker God like that represented those Egyptian Gods.

Furthermore, as this figure has conical teeth, also must have Crocodiles traits, then, the Bird and Crocodile combination remind the Kom Ombo concept, matching with its two doors temple idea, a feature which is also is found in the Inca architecture, as it seen in the previous chapter.

Peruvian hairless dog

Peruvian Hairless dog associated with the Moon by the Mochicans.

Also, cannot be discarded that the face with felines’ traits also resembles the Peruvian Hairless Dog living in that area at Mochica’s Time. A dog associated with the Moon and trained for war. Hence, it in a way it insinuates the Anubis-Horus idea that Egyptians also had.
Because his head at the ends of the chain, and by so, it stands as asymbol, denoting the end and beginning of the night, the Twilight Zone associated with that particular Egyptian God.

The tongue of this symbolic animal, in the end, is divided in two, which is not like a dogs tongue, clearly shows that it is a symbol with serpent characteristics as well. Hence, besides that showing a Moon relationship, and also presenting at the same time bird and lion features, a common thing in the Egypt mythology when representing goddesses.

Moreover, there is only one shared eye for the entire symbolic set of all these animals’ traits under only one Human Eye, a symbol associated with the Egyptian Gods Horus and Osiris.
Also, as they are four, must be representing represent the cardinal point, giving to it a Sky directional feature. Again, making it more consistent with the idea that Egyptians had concerning their God Heh the God of time that was the point of all the four elements Union that maintained then together.
Thus, this eye is representing a man’ characteristic; it is likely the reason to have this particular eye in the middle.

Finally for the moment, since this same eye has three tears, apparently pouring from it. Accordingly, because the Sun in hieroglyphs is a circle with three vertical lines in the same position. The eye also must be representing the Sun; a point also practiced in Egypt.

However, because a figure design like a hieroglyph that is used to represent the sun at night (Ra-Af). Which at times substitutes the rays of the circle and since this same design also appears as the tonge of the dog, also an in the representation of the Moon or night, It is something serious and should not consider a simple coincidence.

Ramse III name Medinet Habu

Pharaoh Ramses III name, Medinet Habu. Animal’s images were only symbols of Pharos’ titles.

At this moment, it is nessesary to take a small detour to explain, the significance of animal’s images. Because, they were used as symbols, like letters in Algebra, associating the animal’s behaviors and characteristics with the Sky' movements and events. Do to the fact that by use this method, simplified the Sky Mechanics understanding, saving time, work, memorizing, comprehending and even simplify teaching. As well, kept in secret and veiled all the relevant matters to this subject, by drifting their ideas to something else, away from the treasured topics.

Although also had its down side, people lacking the sufficient knowledge, endowed animals with magic and worshiped then as a heavenly power. The reason why at times were used the only fragment of their form to avoid such confusion.

Korikancha Temple' Deity Cuzco  Peru

Conceptual figure with added geometrical figures, Tiahuanaco Civilization Peru.

During the Tiahuanaco Civilization period, additional geometric figures were added to the human and animal figures to the Sky concept.

Therefore, a Human body was given to the Sky, not just the eye like Mochica’s did. While maintaining the bird characteristic, yet the Lion-Dog face is more of a Lion, and the dog, represented by the Three-step symbol. In Ancient Egypt, the original God of the Dead was Anubis, a dog like God that with time was substituted by Osiris, whose name, is written with a Three-step symbol.

Thus, a feature that also occurs in America, which indicates that the people who made such change, was not by chance.

Furthermore, the figure’ eye looks like a Menat, an artifact associated with Sky Goddess Hathor, which at the center has a circle, half with and half black, like representing the Sky as a sphere, with its day and night halves. Also, point out to another conceptual idea, which makes mandatorily to have a profound knowledge of the Egyptian mythology to do such thing.

Sekhemet Egyptian sky goddess

Egyptian Sky Goddess Sekhmet is holding a Mythological Double Head Snake.

Going back again to the Mochica Nose Ring and comparing that figure concept to the Egyptian Goddess Sekhmet. Also, an Egyptian Sky deity idea, represented by a Lion headed woman, which at times, is portrayed over a serpent, holding up the two heads of such mythological entity with her hands.
Because the serpent stands as the path of the moon also represents the Night and its heads the debut and end of darkness, in a way represents the realm of Osiris, the lord of life and judge of the dead.

Indeed, Egyptian God Horus also is sometimes depicted with a double-head snake in front of his head dress. Which is a symbolism that also might hold similar relevance?

Horus Hawk Lion Edfu

God Heru or Horus at Edfu Temple Egypt.

On the other hand, at Edfu temple, the main worshiping center of the Egyptian God Horus, where this God depicted as a Hawk headed Lion is in front of a Sky Goddess. Since there are two Osiris Columns at each side, for such that alegorie should be representing the Osiris Realm, during the Night.
However, the Sun God Horus and the Vulture winged Goddess represent the Day. Therefore, this scene must be representing the burst of the Sun in the early morning and rebirth of the God in the Sky.

Because the Hieroglyph for Gold, is below the Cartouche of the Pharaohs, associates all this symbolism with corresponding Sky level related to the Pharaoh’ Golden name. Hence, a symbol of renewal at the beak of the day at the birth of the day, at the precise moment that the Spirit of Osiris as expected to transforms into the Sun God’ Spirit, but at a higher heavenly stage.
Thus, in this case, the Lion features are presenting the highest level on the Sky in the afterlife.

On this account thatthe Mochica Nose Ring symbol used in the burial ceremony of a Mochica dignitary stands for something similar.Therefore, it has to be representing something alike as well, expecting that his spirit eventualy will go to a Golden dwelling place level in the Sky.
One issue that is also consistent i the raised niche sequence of Chavin de Huantar temple’s base, to see next.

Chavin de huantar Peru

One of the decorative sequence of raised niches in a temple’s base at Chavin de Huantar Peru.

Early Mochica civilization had a strong influential weight from Chavin de Huantar Temple, a place, like Pachacamac that were only Temples but not Kingdoms. Powerful cultural irradiation center of much influence to all or most civilizations development during and after their presence.

As well they were centers of learning and advice, but of course, had its price as was built like a fortress. Matter of fact, there is evidence that Chavin was stormed and destroy in an apparent attack as it raised also fell like many others did.

Chavin’s inscribed framed figure that must be in representation of a sky sector as the previous Egyptian column inscription as a placed in the column between two dividing rings. But, the difference rests in the fact that one is was made into a round superficies and the other in a flat background; something similar, like representing the Earth planet as a globe or map.

jaguar otorongo leopard

The Leopard, Jaguar, Otorongo all are from the same Panther classification.

This feline because its body has circles arranged like fur spots must be a Jaguar or Otorongo as known in the region, considered of behavior nocturnal but also hunts during the day.
However, is at the crepuscular time, when he does most of its activities, which means the exact period in between the Day and Night that also associates the Jaguar with the god Anubis God of the Dead.
Indeed, The Jaguar also swims in the water and his activities are usually near a river. And also is a factor of association with Osiris, the god of the water element.

Meanwhile, back to Chavin relieved feline, where the Jaguar face is depicted, giving the sensation to have a lion mane, which certainly it is not, because there is not a feline or panther that has such thing in America.
Hence, it is a stylized bird like figure is on top of its head like many Queens and Goddesses represented in Egypt with bird’s apparels in their head.

Furthermore, because the Jaguar’ legs have bird claws, and spiral designs on its side, apparently representing its feet’s floating in the water.
Thus, they must be stooding like column’s capitals supporting the Sky in the way that Goddess Hathor does with her headdress representing the Sun’s House. One for the morning in front and the other in the afternoon behind, as well alike an Egyptian Serekh holding the Sky, since being followed by the lion’s snake tail, which ends in a vulture head.
Thus, the Snake-Bird symbol must be a sky determinative.

Nonetheless, also is important to note that one of the Jaguars legs has a circle over like some of the Osiris columns have at times.
Therefore, because, the figure on top of the jaguar’s head is a bird like a figure, with wings and feathers made by water-wave’s, symbols likely representing the Sky’ waters. And what's more, laying an egg (The Sun) at the crepuscular time, in another word also means, the birth of the day, the renewal of life.
Moreover, since this egg is also an eye, one again makes this feature the center of the alegorie and as well adds the human features to the deity symbology.

 Giza Mencaure Pyramid

Similar rectangular niche sequence made with raised frames seen at Menkaure’s adjacent small pyramids.

As seen that, between Peru-Chavin and Egyptian present many art styles differences, a detail in the small pyramids at the side of Menkaure (Micerino) Pyramid.
There is also a sequence of rectangular stones framed in relief, probably representing some Sky places or events, for the same reason that temples were rectangular in Egypt and temples at that time also represented places somewhere in the sky

Therefore, sine these Pyramids are Queens’ temple tombs is also related to Moon or Sky worshiping rituals and offerings same as that sector in Chavin.

Ramses III Osiris Medinet Habu

Pharaoh’ Ramses III cartouche with Osiris-name as the title, Medinet Habu Egypt.

As seen in these hieroglyphs, where the name of God Osiris appears in front of Pharaoh' Ramses III cartouche in place of his usual titles at his Palace-Mortuary Temple at Medinet Habu Egypt. Means that he has become or integrated to God Osiris, like were supposed to do all the pharaohs after passing away.

From that fact, was thought that he belongs to a spiritual body that represented all pharaohs that ever ruled Egypt before. For such the image of God, Osiris is holding the Egyptian cross of life.

Consequently, by the result of this concept, he will live as will live forever as Osiris being the Lord of Life (one of his titles) will grant the Eternal Life to him. Since, God Osiris is siting with the cross over a hieroglyph for Canal, which appears to be replete of water.

Thus, is representing a sector of the water canal somewhere in the afterlife, for such, must be representing a place in the ecliptic in a water element world at night as this God also represents the Moon and the Sun at Night.

Then, since in hieroglyphs a rectangle also represents a pool of water, both Peruvian, and Egyptian sequences and are placed in consecrated places.
Therefore, they are identically representing a deity and event somewhere in the afterlife, no matter if known by different name or depicted in a different way at each place.

Mochica deity

Mochica deity in the place where theirs Capital city stood.

This Mochica or Moche deity although that it’s a Feline and also has Vulture headed snakes below, like the Chavin deity. Nonetheless, because it is painted yellow, most likely it is representing a representing a Puma rather than a Jaguar. As well, even so that the vulture heads are similar to the Chavin figure, the wavy snake body is decorated with angular figures rather than the circles seen its similar Chavin representation.

Therefore, rather than represent a lunar entity, characterize a solar divinity. Which means that the Mochica people had totally changed totally their Goddly ideas from those in Chavin. A different worshiping concept from the Spirit of the Dead to a divine Living Spirit, like from Osiris to Horus a total opposed conceptual belief, however using the similar representations as the Egyptian symbolism.

However, even so that solar worshiping characteristics are present, nonetheless, and there are others symbols that point to Moon preferences, which means that their rulers had a mixture of both concepts, or their lunar tendencies were in disguise and had not put totally aside the Chavin believes.

Sechin Temple Balck Panther Deity

Sechin a Feline’s Worship Place.

Nometheless, this concept were latent in Ancient Peru in Sechin Temple(2800 BC). Because the the main theme in the exterior facade of the principle square central building of the second Adobe phase of this temple also located in the same Northern Costal are of Peru, are two Black Panthers (have the same significance than a Jaguar), at each side of the principal entrance. Their hands are in Red, Black and White, drawn with three claws. Hence, showing that it is not an animal but a cosmic perception. These Panthers apparently floating in the air, are the supposed supernatural guardians at the entrance of the temple; probably a concept like the Egyptians had placing sphinxes at the entrance of their Egyptian Theban temples.

However, the architectonic factors clearly show great skills in construction matters and deep knowledge of quite advanced technologies. The inclined adobe round corners and trapezoidal walls constructions is also a characteristic found in similar constructions in Egyptian Mastabas since pre dynastic times.
Thus, because of the Black Panther as a deity, indicates that it is a sacred place to worship a Lunar or Moon deity, in preference for the Night Sky than the Sun’ day Sky concept. Showing, great knowledge of astronomy and elaborated mythological concepts akin to contemporaneous Egyptian concepts about three thousand years ago.

Therefore, as Sechin Temple locted in the southern hemisphere faces the North, equivalent to the South in the Northern hemisphere where is Egypt, that had similar practices before Pharaoh Khuf or Kheops, who changed the temple aligments to East-West. And that also was caried out later in Peru durin the Chavin period.

A fact which is indicating that whoever arrived there providing such a cultural link. Did belong to a Night Sky or Moon worshiping religious group, likely fleeing from its original place in search of freedom, force to leave or expeled. However, later changed or disguise those ideas into a Sun’ Daylight honoring kingdom as other influences arrived after. Like was run the Inca Empire at its’ time, ruled by only one powerful man.


For general Egyptian references: www.ancientegyptlink.com